Pug dog outside on grass
Pug looking up isolated on white


The Pug is a very popular breed, particularly with American families. This breed packs a lot of personality into a small, sturdy package. Pugs are dogs that love interaction with their families and will do their best to keep everyone entertained. Pugs are suitable for house living, are not high-maintenance pets, and offer many advantages for busy families.

Breed Description

The pug has a compact, stocky body, a wrinkled, short-muzzled face and a curled tail. The coat is short and glossy, in a variety of colours, such as black, fawn, silver-fawn or apricot. Generally, pugs all have the characteristic black muzzle. The typical pug weights from 14 to 18 pounds. The head should be round and not apple-shaped. Eyes are large, dark and prominent, with a solicitous expression and lively spirit. Ears should be small, thin and velvety. The neck is thick and strong. The chest is wide and the body is short. The tail is curled over the hip. The gait is spirited and jaunty.

Pug History

The pug has its origins in China, but it was made popular in Europe by the royal houses of the Netherlands and of England. The pug is thought to be a combination of a number of breeds that were kept in the royal quarters and in monasteries. It’s affectionate and sprightly characteristics made it a favourite with the elite. Napoleon’s wife, Josephine, kept a pug. Pugs have different names in different countries of the world. In Germany, they’re called Mops. In Finland, they have the name Mopsi. In France, pugs are called Carline, and in Spain, they are called Doguillo.


The pug temperament is lively and affectionate. This breed is not the shy wallflower. Pugs are generally very stable and even-tempered which makes them a great companion animal for children. Pugs are playful and interactive, and love to be the centre of attention. Pugs generally get along with other dogs and cats. However, individual personality differences can sometimes create conflicts, so be ready to intervene until you are sure the animals will get along well.

Exercise Needs

Pugs do not require a great deal of exercise, but they should be given a daily walk. Their small size and compact body type make them a favourite for apartment-dwellers, but this should not mean that pugs are indoor creatures that don’t need time in the fresh air. In fact, pugs are often very food-oriented and can become chubby. Regular exercise helps to keep their weight in check and preserves overall good health.

Pug Care

Pugs are generally healthy animals, but like many breeds, they can have a few health problems that are common in their breed line. Pugs love to eat and must be prevented from getting fat. Keep your pug on a healthy diet with limited portions to keep him living longer. Keep your pug cool in warm weather. Cut his nails frequently. Brush the dog’s teeth or offer him Nyla bones or other chew toys to help remove tartar. Spay or neuter your pug to prevent accidental puppies.

Pug Health Problems

Pugs can suffer from a number of conditions. Pugs tend to become overheated in warm weather. Their shortened snouts prevent them from panting sufficiently to cool down their bodies. Bring along a spray bottle and some shade cloth when walking during the summer months. Spray down the dog and take frequent breaks out of the sun. If your dog has allergies, see your veterinarian for the proper antihistamines to prevent breathing problems. The pug’s prominent eyes can become injured. Pay particular attention to the dog’s eyes when bathing or brushing him. Mange and auto-immune skin problems can affect pugs. Clean your pug’s wrinkles carefully to prevent skin problems. Pug encephalitis is a brain disease that causes seizures. Consult with your veterinarian for any possible seizure problems.

What’s With Dressing Up Pugs?

Pugs are extroverted pugs that like to play up to their owners and others. People often wonder why pug-owners buy a variety of outfits for their dogs, dress them up and take them to parades. The answer is simple. It’s because pugs love the attention. They also thrive on the reactions of people when they are dressed up. This quality is just a part of the pug temperament that many have utilised to find ways to socialise with other pugs and pug owners. Not everyone who owns a pug feels the need to dress them up and take them to gatherings, but the ones that do seem to enjoy it, as do their dogs.

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